What is ball-tampering?
Ball-tampering is altering the condition of the ball so that the aerodynamics of the ball aids swing balling.
How does cricket laws state this?
Under Law 41, subsection 3 of the Laws of Cricket, the ball may be polished without the use of an artificial substance, may be dried with a towel if it is wet, and have mud removed from it under supervision; all other actions which alter the condition of the ball are illegal. These are usually taken to include rubbing the ball on the ground, scuffing with a fingernail or other sharp object, or tampering with the seam of the ball.
Read the full article in Wikipedia here: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ball_tampering
How to alter the ball legally?
Players can use sweat or saliva to shine the ball to achieve more favourable bowling conditions.
Occasions where ball-tampering has happened?
- Chris Pringle (1990) of New Zealand
- Michael Atherton (1994) of England
Michael Atherton was the England captain and was accused of tampering with the ball. He denied the whole thing and said that he had some dirt in his pocket which he used to keep his hands warm. But he failed to disclose that “dirt” and hence was fined £2000.
- Waqar Younis (2000) of Pakistan
Became the first player to receive a suspension because of ball-tampering.
- Rahul Dravid (2004) of India
He was caught rubbing a cuff lozenge on the ball’s shiny side and was fined 50% of his match fee.
- England Team (2005)
Marcus Trescothick admits in his autobiography that he used mints to shine the ball.
- Pakistan Team (2006)
You guys must read this article on Wikipedia. This is one of the craziest stories about ball-tampering I’ve ever heard.
- Shahid Afridi (2010) of Pakistan
He was given a two T20I ban as he was caught biting the cricket ball on camera.
- South Africa vs Australia (2016)
The SA skipper Faf Du Plessis was charged his match fee as he was caught tampering with the ball on camera.
- Australia vs South Africa (2018)
I think everyone knows about this incident. Cameron Bancroft of Australia was caught guilty for tampering with the ball with sandpaper. It was later revealed that the captain Steve Smith and the vice-captain David Warner were aware of all the things.
- Steve Smith – 12 months
- David Warner – 12 months
- Cameron Bancroft – 9 months
The 3 players were charged with bringing the game into disrepute and were banned from all international and domestic cricket. The suspension periods are as following:
Even the Australian prime minister addressed the media and said that he was shocked to hear the news and he did never expect that kind of a thing from his players.
- Sri Lanka vs West Indies (2018)
Sri Lankan former captain Dinesh Chandimal was given a one-match ban for having tampered with the ball.
I hope you guys learned something valuable today. Thank you for taking the time to read the article. See you soon ✌